Saturday, September 13, 2008

Mount Jiuhua

Mount Jiuhua is one of the four sacred mountains of Chinese Buddhism. It is located in Qingyang County in Anhui province and is famous for its rich landscape and ancient temples.

Many of the mountain's shrines and temples are dedicated to Ksitigarbha , who is a bodhisattva and protector of souls in hell according to Mahayana Buddhist tradition. Pious Buddhists often come to this popular attraction in Anhui to climb to Greater Tiantai peak, which is regarded as Jiuhuashan's most important peak, although it is not the tallest.


Mount Jiuhua was called Mount Lingyang in Han Dynasty. It was called Mount Jiuzi in Liang and Chen Dynasties of South Dynasties. A legend says that the great poet Li Bai of Tang Dynasty travelled here and wrote down "Magic is divided to two branches, sacred mountain generates nine glories." . Thus it was named Mount Jiuhua.

JiuHuashan is delicately beautiful which is located in the southeastern part of Chizhou City,Anhui Province.The gross area reaches 120 square kilometerswhile the protection area reaches 114square kilometers.Together with WuTai Mountain in Shanxi,E??mei Mountain in Sichuan,Putuo Mountain in Zhejiang.Jiuhua Mountain is called one of the four great Buddhist mountains in China. In 719 AD,Kim Qiaoque,prince of the king of XinLuocame to Jiuhua Mountain and cultivated himself for 5 years.He died at 99 years of age,his corporeal body stayed intact.Because he was very similar in appearance to Dizang Buddhisattva,the monks there believed Dizang Boddhisattva was reincarnated in him,as a result,Jiuhua Mountain became the place to hold rites for Dizang Boddhisatva.During the golden periods n Ming ang Qing dynasty,there were as many as 360 temples and 4,000 to 5,000 monks and nuns. Mount Jiuhua was originally known as Jiuzi Mountain. But ever since Li Bai, the celebrated poet in the Tang Dynasty wrote of the mountain: "Sailing down the Jiujiang River the other day, I saw the Jiuhua Peaks in the distance. Looking like a heavenly river hanging in heaven, Its green water embroidering cottonrose hibiscuses.", the mountain was renamed Jiuhua Mountain . As number 1 place fo pilgrimage,it was very famous in the southeastern part of China and became one of the great four Buddhist mountains .Since the opening-up in 1979,JiuhuaMountain,with its abundant buddhistic culture and uniquely attractive scenery,has been enjoying a high reputation in southeast Asia,SouthKorea and Japan,which belong to Han-culture centered xountries.It is of high influence power in the area of Dizang Buddhisattva and the large numble of whole buddhistic relics.There are 99 peaks in the area,among them ,Shiwang Peak,Lotus Peak and other nine ones are the most beautiful.They enjoyed the laudatory of ??Lotus Country??.Besides, Jiuhua Mountain is famous for its historic interest with more than 2000 historical relics,500 poems written by famous poets through dynasties and 20 school relics.

Temples in a thousand,amid the mist they scatter,among the great four mountains,Jiuhua Mountain is the most beaurtiful for its charming,and it has a double crown as ??the most incense stick and candle?? and ??number one mountain in the coutheast??,being regarded as a sacred place by the pious men and women.The mountains of Jiuhua are all imposing.Ridges and peaks eagerly show their delicate beauty.Vegetation thvives.Waterfalls and springs splash. The climate here is warm and wet with 4 seasons being clearly demarcated.The natural scenes combining with artificial spectacles as well as the atmosphere of buddhism have long since made JiuhuaMountain the famous scenic spot from the acient period in China.


*Huacheng Temple